They don’t really care about us!

In these times, with great anguish and hate towards politicians, I find it interesting to philosophize how the ideal politician should be?
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From savage mind to scientific thought

In 1966 Michel Foucault published the book The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences whose preface brings the confession of being born from the laughter caused by a text of the Argentine writer Jorge Luiz Borges; Of a “laughter that shattered, as I read the passage, all the familiar landmarks of my thought - our thought, the thought that bears the stamp of our age and our geography”. Borges text quotes an unusual Chinese encyclopedia, in which a strange taxonomy takes place.
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Experience from La Faculté de Philosophie of Jean Moulin University Lyon 3

Vladan Klement, one of ours authors, is originally from Czech Republic and writes here his dissertation of Urbanism, but recently he spent some time in Lyon, at Philosophical faculty of Jean Moulin University Lyon III. He told us some interesting things about philosophy in France.
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The mathematician and the wolf

Despite having different etymologies, the first one referring to the quest for knowledge and the second taking place by means of inspiration, Mathematics and Music harmonize with each other as curiously connected subjects. While it is possible to find people who receive inspiration as well as musical compositions without knowing theories, how to read musical scores and let alone fractions and logarithms, it is widely known that almost every kind of music may be transcribed into codes which ultimately, as a rule, represent numbers. Moreover, there are even those who know the mathematics inherent to encoding and are able to “read” any piece of transcribed music, although not having any talent whatsoever for singing or playing instruments. Just like the legendary poet Orpheus (and his followers), Pythagoras has not only taught religious doctrines, such as metempsychosis, but has also been interested in music
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The assimilation of the tragic: Hume and Lessing

May be only a coincidence that two isolated author start from the very same points to resolve problems related to aesthetics. However, the initial question brought by Hume in his essay On Tragedy (1757) and the one brought by Lessing in his Laocoonte (1766) is no less curious. They both question the intriguing problem of the aesthetic appreciation of the tragic. Hume asks how a tragedy, full of sadness, anguish and despair, may cause pleasure in the spectator. How one can watch and have pleasure with terrible stories? What allow us to represent in art those horrible ideas? On the other hand, Lessing is involved in the very same problem when criticizes Winckelmann views on the Laocoonte’s sculpture, developing then his own view. Lessing does not agree with the idea that the sculpture manifests the Greek soul, the “noble simplicity and serene greatness” that overcomes suffering and pain without despair. He demands why and how the artists can represent the tragic and make it appreciable. Both Lessing and Hume departs from that problem, respecting a “right” of the representation of tragic, horror, pain and sadness, to achieve a point of view in which form itself is the answer and the reason for that pleasure with the tragic. This paper aims, in a synthetic manner, identify that coincident point in order to understand how both authors thought the “assimilation of the tragic”. Hoping that this questioning may help us to enquire our contemporary tragic society.
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The connection between urbanism and emotions

This paper will offer a closer insight into the background of human behavior. The main aim is to present researches and experiments on the influence of urbanism (architecture) on human behavior and related emotions. These data will be given to the context of Prinz's emotional moral theory and it will be explained, why we should take these informations in consideration...
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Beyond Abraham Maslow’s theory of human motivation: from Aristotle’s teleology to the inter-personality – a new way to understand human action

Philosophy is the dialogue between human beings ourselves about the nature of the world and the role of human beings in this reality. In this issue, the existence of the world and human beings itself are two main streams of philosophy for over two thousands year. My article will focus on the second part with a specific question: what is the motivation of human act? When we do a particular action, without any mental problems or hypnotization, we always do it with a precise motivation which pushes our desire and physical action to pursue a purpose. The complex of many intentional purposes leads us towards the final purpose of all human beings’ essence. This unstoppable thinking and practicing process expresses some philosophical questions in ethics (about human’s moral and virtuous actions), in social philosophy (about the effects of a particular context or a particular action), in philosophy of laws (how can we judge an action if it is wrong or right) and in metaphysics (what the final purpose really is). There are three ideas I will investigate in my article: First, the Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which is the popular and frequent notion to describe the motivations of human’s act, especially in the aspect of the satisfaction of needs. However, this “external standpoint” is merely limited when being used to understand the final purpose in human act, but too narrow to consider the effects of social environment and specific context of the action as well...
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Plato against Platonism

The elaboration of “isms” is not something we find only in humanities, not at all. Even in scientific areas one can find a tendency to making generalizations of models that surpass the heterogenic and instable natural order of things. Actually, it is proper of science to built generalizations. In other words, the scientific thought creates “isms” all the time. Imagine a research on Physics in which the researcher aims to study the behavior of a specific crystal submitted to wide a range of temperatures...
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Urbanism - an overlooked field of the philosophical inquire

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to briefly introduce the philosphy of urbanism and show the reasons, why the philosophers should be interested in this field. The paper is supposed to have two parts - the descriptive one, and the quazi-normative one, in which is the author arguing for the connection link between urbanism and moral philosophy of Jesse Prinz. In the second part the author will be defending the connection between moral emotions (sentiments) and the nature of urbanism thinking...
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The comic view of history in Nietzsche’s genealogy

Man writes down history making it objective, taking it as real as a present event. Man also tells a joke as a short story, not least historical for its comical and absurd outcomes. In fact, we organize series of events constantly: from yesterday to today, we reconstruct series of regressive causal relations in order to organize and evaluate what past is...
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